There needs to be a clear relationship between the literature review and the methodology to follow. It is usually wise to move from broad to narrow. Important: A literature review is not series of annotations (like an annotated bibliography). One of the purposes of the literature review is to provide an overview and synthesis of information; grouping similar articles gives you a framework for your overview. Organize your literature review thematically. Sage, ; Hart, Chris. In this way you ensure that you are synthesizing the material, not just describing the work already carried out in your field. This will give completeness to your … For example, one might organize the selected readings by. The Review of Related Literature The review of related literature is an essay that should show why your research needs to be carried out, how you came to choose certain methodologies and theories to work with, and how your work adds to the research already carried out by others. Repeat this for each section of your literature review. Is there a logic to the way you organized the material? Doing a thorough literature review can benefit you in another important way. 3. Again, you can customize all of this to what works for you. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results. 2) Use Active and Passive Voice One of the easier ways to paraphrase the literature review is to use active or passive voice. CONTRASTING SCHOOLS OF THOUGHT: If you find a dominant argument comes up in your research, with researchers taking two sides and talking about how the other is wrong, you may want to group your literature review by those schools of thought and contrast the differences in their approaches and ideas. This approach should only be followed if a clear path of research building on previous research can be identified and that these trends follow a clear chronological order of development. A literature review is a piece of discursive prose, not a list describing or summarizing one piece of literature after another. Organize the literature review into sections that present themes or identify trends, including relevant theory. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. “When you’re doing an in-depth review of the literature, you need to think about your search strategy. organize the review into paragraphs that present themes and identify trends relevant to your topic; each paragraph should deal with a different theme - you need to synthesize several of your readings into each paragraph in such a way that there is a clear connection between the sources; don't try to list all the materials you have identified in your literature search annotated bibliography in which you summarize briefly each article that you have reviewed Provide your reader with the most general information first, then building toward the specifics of your research concerns. There are numerous ways to organize the material in a lit. British Journal of Nursing, 17(1), pp.38-43. You can emphasize the timeliness of the topic (“many recent studies have focused on the problem of x”) or highlight a gap in the literature (“while there has been much research on x, few researchers have … A concise, well-organized literature review that contains relevant information is preferable to a review containing many studies that are only peripherally related to your research problem. They also make it very … You will use common points among the sources you have gathered to help you synthesize the material. It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. Doing this will help you maintain focus on the details while keeping focus on the big picture and the overall chain of logic inherent in your review. A Good Literature Review is:• Focused - The topic should be narrow. Taking clear, legible notes will help to focus your critical reading and analysis of your literature review sources. Know your search strategy. I recommend you to take note of these aspects and to summarize them using one or more tables. For example, if the review topic was arts-based research, your review may focus on different ways artistic inquiry was used to understand the creative process, focusing then on the concepts rather than the development. Remember, a literature review can be termed as discursive prose, not a list summarizing several pieces of literature. by date of publication or trend, Revise and proofread your review to ensure your arguments, supporting evidence and writing is clear and precise. It is important that the concepts are presented in an order that makes sense of the context of your research project. Step 2 (this post) involves organizing and screening your information. Organize your review into segments that present themes or pinpoint trends, including pertinent theory. Just like most academic papers, literature reviews must contain at least three basic elements: an introduction or background information section; the body of the review containing the discussion of sources; and, finally, a conclusion and/or recommendations section to end the paper. Step 2 of your Literature Review – Organizing and Screening. Undertaking a literature review: A step-by-step approach. You can then organise other authors into groups by which famous authors' ideas they are following. Identify gaps in the research . Cronin, P., Ryan, F. & Coughlan, M. (2008). If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results. Once you complete these six steps, you will have a complete draft of your literature review. If you want to know more about how to write a literature review, the information above will greatly assist you. III. Another major problem is that literature reviews are often written as if they stand alone, without links to the rest of the paper. Organize your literature review chronologically or historically. Place each work in the context of its contribution to understanding the research problem being studied. https://ait.libguides.com/literaturereview, Undertaking a literature review: A step-by-step approach, Topical order (by main topics or issues, showing relationship to the main problem or topic), Chronological order (simplest of all, organise by dates of published literature). Connect ideas with lines to show that they’re related… Note – if you haven’t read it already, I suggest you go back and read last week’s post describing Step 1 in the process: “Finding Stuff”. Additionally, you need to keep in mind that such a list is not a simple reflection of the main ideas related to your topic. from … CHRONOLOGICAL (by date): This is one of the most common ways, especially for topics that have been talked about for a long time and have changed over their history. Writing the Literature Review Part I (University of Maryland University College) Video that explains more about what a literature review is and is not. Different ways to organise your literature review include: Topical order (by main topics or issues, showing relationship to the main problem or topic) Chronological order (simplest of all, organise by dates of published literature) Problem-cause-solution order; General to specific order; Known to unknown order; Comparison and contrast order Overview of the literature review process, including examples of different ways to organize a lit review. 2. You are not trying to list all the material published, but to synthesize and evaluate it according to the guiding concept of your thesis or research question. The way in which you group authors and link ideas will help avoid this problem. This is an interactive tutorial from Adelphi University Libraries on how to conduct a literature review in education and the behavioural sciences using library databases, This tutorial is from the Writing section of Monash University's Language and Learning Online site, This guide is from the Health Services Writing Centre at the University of Toronto, This guide is part of the Writer's Handbook provided by the Writing Center at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, This guide provides an introduction to the conduct and organization of a literature review, UWI St. Augustine Campus Libraries - Trinidad and Tobago, Literature Review in Education & Behavioral Sciences, The Literature Review: A Few Tips on Conducting It, Learn How to Write a Review of the Literature, Define or identify the general topic to provide the context for reviewing the literature, Identify overall trends in what has been published about the topic, Identify conflicts in theory, methodology, evidence, and conclusions, Identify gaps in research and scholarlship, Explain the criteria to be used in analysing and comparing the literature, Describe the organization of the review (the sequence), If necessary, state why certain literature is or is not included (scope), organize the review into paragraphs that present themes and identify trends relevant to your topic, each paragraph should deal with a different theme - you need to synthesize several of your readings into each paragraph in such a way that there is a clear connection between the sources, don't try to list all the materials you have identified in your literature search, summarize the main agreements and disagreements in the literature, summarize the general conclusions that have been drawn, establish where your own research fits in the context of the existing literature. Dissertation literature review If you are writing the literature review as part of your dissertation or thesis, reiterate your central problem or research question and give a brief summary of the scholarly context. Review There are numerous ways to organize the material in a lit. Virginia Commonwealth Univeristy explains that a Synthesis Matrix can help in the organization and relatability of each source. Don’t take any more space than you need to present your ideas.• A thorough literature review will show the journal editor and referees that you have done your research and are aware of existing research in your field. Organise it in stages of how the topic has changed: the first definitions of it, then major time periods of change as researchers talked about it, then how it is thought about today. e. These elements will then become headings and subheadings n your literature review. Another helpful idea to manage the process of reviewing the literature is a Synthesis Matrix. different theoretical approaches; specific concepts or issues; different methodologies employed; level of support or otherwise that they lend to one’s own hypothesis/theory. Every thesis must contain a literature review part, normally in chapter 2 or chapter 3. Reference managers allow you to download and save papers in your computer’s library directly from journal websites with just one button click. These are the two main ways to organize your literature review. review. 3. A literature review is a summary of studies related to a particular area of research. Using a Synthesis Matrix. If you read more than one article at a time, its a good idea to organize it in an easily-searchable way. 83) suggest three types of organization: Distant to close: Discuss sources which present information most distantly related to your study or thesis before discussing sources most closely relate to your study or thesis. MAJOR MODELS or MAJOR THEORIES: When there are multiple models or prominent theories, it is a good idea to outline the theories or models that are applied the most in your articles. Have you indicated when results were conflicting or inconclusive and discussed possible reasons? Regardless of which method you choose, there are a few other significant aspects to keep in mind such as using powerful and logical transitions between ideas. Identify gaps in the literature, and reflect on why these might exist based on the understandings that you have gained by reading literature in this field of study. 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